On Tuesday, June 13, Sarah Cooper began Race Across America (RAAM). This single-stage, ultracycling race begins in Oceanside, California and covers 3069 miles to Annapolis, Maryland. The clock runs the entire time.
At Kyle's Bikes, we are very proud to be supporting Sarah. We will be tracking her the whole way and sharing information with her fans. Bookmark this article—it will be the best source of information on Sarah's progress. Check back often (and scroll down), because we will be updating a couple times a day or more.
You can also follow us on Twitter for more frequent updates, or stalk her yourself with the live tracker and leaderboard. To learn more about Race Across America and how Sarah got here, read our article Sarah Cooper Prepares for RAAM.
Scroll to the end of this article for a list of post-RAAM media coverage
Tuesday, June 7
Sarah Cooper and one of her crew drove from Iowa to Borrego Springs, California a few days ago to get away from the cold Iowa weather (It's been an odd spring here), and spend some time riding in the desert.
During one of these rides, unlike during the race, Sarah had time to stop and snap a picture of the view from the Glass Elevator (shown at the very top of this article). This is a significant descent with amazing views. Starting at an elevation of 4200 feet, riders lose 3000 feet over nine miles. Make sure your tires, brakes, and nerves are in good condition before heading down!
On Tuesday there was more riding for Sarah. This time she chose a loop used by the 6/12/24 Hour World Championship. Kathy caught a photo of Sarah on her Shiv at the start of the ride. There does not appear to be a shortage of amazing views out there!
Monday, June 12
Today is the RAAM press conference. It will begin at 10:00 a.m. PDT/12:00 noon CDT, and there will be a livestream on the Race Across America Facebook page.
Monday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Race Across America Press Conference — RAAM Media
Tuesday, June 13, 3:05 p.m. CDT
We will update with her progress with a recap this evening. For more frequent updates, follow us on Twitter.
Let's Talk About Time Zones
Race Across America travels through a bunch of different time zones as it crosses 12 states.
RAAM "race time" is Eastern Daylight Time, the local time at the finish in Annapolis (UTC -4), so we will use that in all our recaps and updates regardless of where Sarah is. We may also use local time of wherever Sarah happens to be in order to give a sense of what time of day her body thinks it is. And, yes, our recap headings are in Iowa time, because that is where we are. But don't worry, we will label all times so this doesn't get too confusing.
Now, imagine all the time conversions her crew will have to do during the race! They need to be constantly thinking in both race time and local time. Local time is how they will find open stores and laundromats, and while standing there waiting for the clothes to dry, they'll be thinking of the next time station projection which is calculated in race time. The on-duty support crew also need to know local time in order to follow RAAM's strict night riding/direct follow rules and not incur a penalty.
And, even local time is not at simple as progressing from Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) to Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) to Central Daylight Time (CDT) to Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). Arizona stays on Mountain Standard Time (MST) year round. But it's even more complicated than that: "[W]hen going from Pacific (Daylight) Time in California to Mountain (Standard) Time in Arizona … the local time does not change. That's simple enough but northeast of Flagstaff we enter the Navajo Indian Reservation and stay there all the way to Colorado, except for a few miles on the Hopi Reservation. Contrary to Arizona rules the Navajos observe the Daylight Time change with Utah and Colorado but the Hopi Indians, surrounded by the Navajo lands, do not." (Race Across America Route Book)
So raise a toast to all the hard working RAAM crews!
Tuesday, June 13, 10:00 p.m. CDT
From there she continued on Hwy 79, until RAAM Media filmed her making the left turn onto Montezuma Road (link below). And the crew got a photo of her smooth sailing. Then she had a bit of climbing before making the famed Glass Elevator descent. (The key image for this article is the photo Sarah took from the Glass Elevator during one of her training rides last week.)
At the base of the Glass Elevator is the town of Borrego Springs. The crew put Sarah onto her Specialized Shiv for the flatish section that follows. And the day crew turned things over to the night crew.
Right now she is at mile 129.4. She will will reach TS#2 in Brawley overnight, and reach TS#3 in Blythe, California in the morning.
Tuesday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Is this the 'world's toughest cycle race'? — CNN Video
- Iowa Ultra-Cyclist Starts 3,000-Mile Race Across Country — WHO-TV
- Sarah Cooper on Montezuma Road — RAAM Media
- First Hours of RAAM 2017 — RAAM Media
Wednesday, June 14, 7:55 a.m. CDT
Sarah Cooper maintained the women's lead overnight. She reached Time Station #2 at mile 145.5 with a time of 7h 59m. She reached TS#3 at 235.1 miles with a time of 12h 39m. And this morning she arrived at TS#4 in Parker Arizona, mile 286.4 with a time of 15h 24m and an average speed of 18.6 mph.
Her crew is making a change near Bouse. The five night crew members will go off-duty and the five day crew will be back in their seats.
We will have more information later today. As always, use the Quick Links list above for more frequent updates.
Wednesday, June 14, 5:30 p.m. CDT
The route into Parker, Arizona (TS#4) followed the Colorado River and was surrounded by agricultural land. Leaving Parker, the route slowly climbed back up into the desert. Along here is where the day crew came back on duty. Just past Hope (That's a town, not a metaphor for giving up!), she switched from the Shiv to the Venge.
Sarah arrived at TS#5 in Salome, Arizona at 10:50 a.m. EDT. At this point she was 342.5 miles into the race, with a race time of 18h 59m and an average speed of 18.04 mph. The course after this point continued its upward and northeastward trends
At 2:08 p.m. EDT Sarah pulled through the famous Congress, Arizona time station (#6) sponsored by Bullshifters Bicycle Club (2016 video). Although this multi-tent oasis offers many amenities, including a large above ground swimming pool, Sarah kept moving with an official race time of 22h 17m and an average speed so far of 17.73 mph.
From Congress to Prescott, Sarah made two major climbs. The Yarnell grade climbs 1800 feet over seven miles. Climbing that in 102°F weather, she suggested to her crew, "Let's not ride bikes in Arizona next summer." After passing through Skull Valley, she made the six-mile 1100-foot climb to Iron Springs. For these climbs, she used the Specialized Tarmac.
She descended into Prescott, Arizona (TS#7) and arrived at 6:17 p.m. EDT. Her race time was 1d 2h 26m and her average speed from Oceanside to this point was 16.86 mph.
Sarah is leading the women's race by a nice margin. However, we are only 445.5 miles into a 3069-mile race! This table allows you to compare the time it took each women to reach each of the time stations they have reached so far.
Who Exactly Is in the Lead?
With the time trial start, every rider began the race at a different time. So, it's not what time of day or in what order the racers arrive at each time station that matters. It's how long it took them to get there from Oceanside.
This means you cannot really tell who is in lead by looking at the live tracking (#dotwatching). A rider who is farther down the road may simply have started earlier. However, once the riders spread out more and the miles pile on, the initial differences in starting times won't matter as much.
The way to make accurate comparisons is to look at the RAAM leaderboard. Compare the "Race TM" column for racers who have reached the same time station. Tip: You can see each racer's prior time station data by selecting their name from the "Rider/Team Report" menu at the top of the leaderboard.
UPDATE: RAAM has also written an article to help folks sort this out.
Wednesday, June 14, 10:40 p.m. CDT
Leaving Prescott, Sarah climbed 7000 feet… and then dropped 5000 feet before reaching Camp Verde, Arizona (TS#8). She arrived at 9:43 p.m. EDT. She has made it 500 miles in 1d 5h 52m with an average speed of 16.74 mph.
The distance from Camp Verde to Flagstaff (TS#9) is 102.9 miles. "Welcome to the Arizona Century: A hundred miles with almost 10,000 feet of climbing." (Race Across America Route Book) We're lucky that we get to head off to bed.
It will be awhile before the next update. So check out today's media links. And let us know if there is any media coverage we have missed or if you have any questions!
Wednesday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- RAAM 2017: June 14 Morning Report — RAAM Media
- Women's Leader Sarah Cooper 4th Overall — RAAM Media
- Iowa woman among favorites to win grueling bicycle race — KCCI TV
- #155 Danny Chew updates on RAAM on June 14 — OhioRAAM Show
- A Few Words from Sevi — RAAM Media
- Speed Wobbles at 50 mph — RAAM Media
Thursday, June 15, 12:55 p.m. CDT
First, here's a neat story from Wednesday… Various sections of the race route are designated as limited support areas. But racers really need a lot of support riding through the hot desert. The route heading into TS#7 Prescott, Arizona is both limited support and desert.
In the heat, racers benefit from having their arm cooling sleeves sprayed with water. This evaporates and cools them. So, Sarah's crew and another crew teamed up to spray both racers. This is the type thing that teams on RAAM do all the time. #RAAMfamily
Her crew member Darren Monroe said, "Yesterday was tough. Temperatures ranged from 102 to 33 degrees [°F] and saw speeds dip with so much climbing. She will be glad to see Arizona in the mirror. If there is a verb for what she is doing… she is relentlessly Coopering this course."
In the early morning hours of Thursday, Sarah completed the "Arizona Century," the over 100-mile stretch from TS#8 to TS#9. She arrived in Flagstaff at 8:05 a.m. EDT. Her crew member Jill Marks said, "She did amazing on the climb to Flagstaff because it was so tough. It confirmed the fact that Sarah hates Arizona. It was super cold. Got down to 33 degrees. However still got to see her smile in Flagstaff where she did a kit change." The crew and Sarah were in good spirits, enjoying gluten-free cheese pizza!
Sarah has had one 15-minute-ish sleep plus a few rests and van warm-ups overnight.
Between Flagstaff and Tuba City (TS#10) the route entered the jurisdiction of the Navajo Nation and local time changed from Mountain Standard to Mountain Daylight. Sarah reached Tuba City at 1:06 p.m. EDT (That's 11:06 MDT). Her elapsed race time from her start in Oceanside was 1d 21h 15m, and she has averaged 14.98 mph.
Sarah Cooper, her friend Katherine, and Kyle's Bikes have used #wherescoop for Sarah's races ever since her second Trans Iowa in 2015. Her clothing sponsor, Velorosa Cycling, came up with the awesome #boyisshefast hashtag.
Now, a new hashtag is appearing in her friends RAAM posts: #581relentless. "581" is Sarah's RAAM racer number and "relentless" is what Sarah is. In fact, relentless is the single word on the underside of the Sarah Cooper cycling caps.
#RAAM2017 is the tag to use to help other Race Across America fans find your posts.
Keep tagging away!
Thursday, June 15, 9:37 p.m. CDT
Once past Tuba City, Sarah made her way up to Kayenta, Arizona, arriving at time station 11 at 5:51 p.m. EDT. From there she shot to the Utah border. Her crew loves eating and sightseeing in Arizona, but Sarah finds biking there in the summer to be hot and dusty.
The scenery in Monument Valley is spectacular. And once Sarah got to Mexican Hat, Utah, she took a planned rest break. She got there at 8:43 p.m. EDT. It has been 2d 4h 52m since she started, and she has averaged 15.03 mph.
At this moment, Sarah is in the lead of the women's race and is sitting at fourth overall (men and women combined). We are working on some charts and spreadsheets to show the big picture. Tonight, here is a list of all the women plus the top five men (click to enlarge).
Thursday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Strasser Widens Lead Overnight — RAAM Media
- Christoph Strasser Passes TS 15 Durango — RAAM Media
- RAAM 2017 Leading Solos — RAAM Media
Friday, June 16, 11:45 a.m. CDT
Overnight, Sarah followed the San Juan River from Mexican Hat to Montezuma Creek, Utah. She arrived at Time Station 13 at 1:47 a.m EDT (11:47 p.m. Utah time). Then, on the way to Cortez, Colorado she took another sleep break (in addition to the Mexican Hat break). After this, she began to pick up the pace. She arrived at the Cortez time station (TS#14) at 7:25 a.m.
In the morning, we noticed that her position on the official RAAM leaderboard had changed from fourth overall to sixth (She is first woman). Changes in position are to be expected as riders time their breaks differently.
She descended into TS#15 in Durango, Colorado at 11:36 a.m. EDT with 2d 19h 45m elapsed time and an average speed of 13.7 mph. This is where she completed her record-breaking Race Across the West last year.
Earlier this year at lunch, Katherine asked, "You know you can ride 928. What about 929?" And Sarah answered, "Yeah! I gotta find out!"
Sarah has always insisted that she must do RAAM, but with very little discussion of why. This might be as close an answer as we get.
Friday, June 16, 9:10 p.m. CDT
From Durango to Pagosa Springs, Colorado, Sarah encountered challenging Colorado Rocky Mountain passes, but the biggest was still to come… She reached TS#16 in Pagosa Springs at 2:06 p.m. EDT. Here she took another rest break.
Then, she began the climb up to the Continental Divide via Wolf Creek Pass. Friends back home virtually cheered her on by howling like wolves with the #HOWLforSarah hashtag.
The Wolf Creek Summit is the highest elevation of RAAM 2017 at 10,856 feet.
She made the descent into TS#17 at South Fork, Colorado, arriving there at 9:30 EDT. She has made it 1030.7 miles (over 1/3 the way!) in 3 days 5 hours 39 minutes.
Friday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Untitled update — RAAM Media
- Cooper Approaches Pagosa Springs — RAAM Media
- Life in the Follow Car — RAAM Media
- Seana Hogan 2nd Woman — RAAM Media
Saturday, June 17, 2:15 p.m. CDT
She crossed the Rio Grande (7536 feet elevation) and continued through the valley for awhile before encountering another climb to a high pass: La Veta Pass (9418 feet). The early morning descent brought her into the town of La Veta (TS#19) at 9:08 a.m. EDT (7:08 a.m. Colorado Time).
Leaving La Veta, Sarah began the climb up Cucharas Pass. This pass is narrower, curvier, and prettier than others, but kicks racers with a 6% grade at the 9939 foot summit. Then she made the 4000 foot descent into Trinidad (TS#20), arriving there at 2:50 p.m. EDT. That's a total of 1201 miles in 3d 22h 59m at an average speed of 12.64 mph.
Now the route leaves the mountains and heads across eastern Colorado. We are sure all the racers are happy to get out of the high altitude, but perhaps Iowa-gal Sarah most of all!
Her crew Steve told us, "So. S is in a great mood today. The whole section from La Veta to Trinidad has been her favorite of the race so far, even the climb. She's finally feeling happy after four days of racing. A welcome break from the heat of the desert and the high traffic roads we've been on so far!"
How Many People Have Done RAAM?
The #581relentess hashtag brings up the question: Why is Sarah's race number 581?
When you take look at the the tracking or the leaderboards you may notice that the racer bib numbers are all over the place. Most of the solo field has a number in the 500s, but there are a few 400s, 300s, 200s… and even one in the 100s.
RAAM does not reuse numbers. Once a number is assigned, it belongs to that racer for life. That means that Sarah Cooper is the 581st solo person to receive a RAAM number. A very exclusive group!
The lowest bib number this year is 161, belonging to Seana Hogan. Her first RAAM was in 1992, and she has seven finishes, more than any solo racer competing this year. There are three men this year with five finishes each: Marko Baloh (279), Gerhard Gulewicz (316) and Valerio Zamboni (399).
The RAAM website maintains a master list of Solo Racer Numbers.
Saturday, June 17, 9:45 p.m. CDT
Leaving Trinidad, Sarah headed out across the high plains of Colorado. Overall flatter than the route through the Rockies, this segment did have a few hills and she stayed on her beloved Crux. Sarah made it to Time Station #21 in the small town of Kim at 7:42 p.m. That's 1272.31 miles down and 1796.94 miles to go.
Along the way there, her friend Scott made a surprise visit!
The segment leading to Walsh, Colorado has many low rollers and even more flat grasslands, so Sarah switched to the Specialized Shiv.
Positions in the top ten did not change much today, with the exception of Henning Larsen #457 turning up as a DNF. We hope he's okay. Christoph Strasser #377 is running away with the race, and off the edge of our spreadsheet. Sarah Cooper is first woman and eighth overall. (Click to enlarge.)
Just as we are signing off for the night, we get this update from her crew: "Strong winds ahead of a scheduled sleep break. We shuttled Sarah forward and will sleep for at least two hours. Sarah is in great spirits, joking around, and having fun." Look for more information tomorrow!
Saturday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Daily Update Solo Women — RAAM Media
- Sarah Cooper Rolls into Trinidad — RAAM Media
- A Morning on Colorado's "Highway of Legends" — RAAM Media
Sunday, June 18, 8:50 a.m. CDT
When we tweeted the video of Sarah's stoplight dance moves shortly after the start of the race, and when we shared the goofiness in her RAAM official team photos, you may have figured out that Sarah and her crew are fun-loving people.
Saturday, before the windstorm and about 17 miles before Springfield, Colorado, Connie and Laurel were dressed dressed up goofily on the side of the road, ready to hand up bottles. They got the call from Alex on the two-way radio that "Sarah is being kooky and wants a pair of your fun sunglasses."
After a silent, what-do-we-do-now moment, Laurel pulled out the 70s-retro, "porn star" sunglasses. When Sarah arrived, she not only took the glasses but Laurel's white boa as well! After it was tucked in for safety, off Sarah rode—porn glasses and white boa.
Laurel said, "It took me to happy tears… It was an awesome moment."
Overnight and this morning, racers both in eastern Colorado and in Kansas have been struggling with wind. Last night, shortly before Sarah was scheduled for a rest break anyway, a strong storm hit their area. So her crew shuttled her ahead to Springfield, where she got some sleep in a motel bed, and then drove her back to where they left off.
She arrived at Time Station #22 in Walsh, Colorado at 4:55 a.m. EDT. She arrived at Time Station #23 in Ulysses, Kansas at 9:17 a.m.
She has been been riding some within sight of Tom McKenna #583 and Svata Bozak #455. We'll get our spreadsheets updated for our next report. In other news, Seana Hogan #161 withdrew due to medical issues. We were hoping to see her meet her goal of dropping more time from the women's 50–59 course record she set last year.
Sunday, June 18, 4:35 p.m. CDT
We will have another full recap tonight. Right now here is a quick visual guide to how the positions have changed over the course of the race among the current top ten leaders. (Click to enlarge.) Sarah is the bold green line in ninth place.
Sunday, June 18, 9:05 p.m. CDT
Twenty-five miles out of Ulysses, Kansas, Sarah got a surprise! Her coach, Greg Grandgeorge, stopped by to give her some words of encouragement. The timing was perfect. Greg told her he had no doubt that as the race progresses she will be able to dial in the miles and tighten up the distance between her and her competitors. (She is first woman and continuing to gain on the male racers ahead of her.)
She got to Montezuma, Kansas (TS#24) at 12:51 p.m. EDT (11:51 Kansas/Iowa time).
Sarah took a 20 minute sleep break in Montezuna. Robert and Gina Fourney (Gina is the daughter of Robert Fourney, RAAM winner back in the '90s) rode out to meet her there. Gina and her dad wished her well just before her sleep. Connie said, "Watch out as this girl will be the next Sarah Cooper!! … Gina's dad and grandpa are RAAM finishers, and Gina said she WILL be a finisher too one day. This [10-year-old] youngster is well aware of everything about the race. I was honored to give her my only Cooper Relentless cycling cap. She was super excited and told me about her collection of RAAM hats. Mind you she did not ask for the hat either. Cooper crew member Laurel Darren-Simmons gave Gina one of her 3 crew shirts… clean of course."
Sarah got back on the road and well, it's Kansas, so… yeah, it was windy. NE Headwinds 15–16 mph no matter what the weather channel says!!
Then, halfway between Montezuma and Greensburg, Kansas, Sarah's husband and four children showed up to surprise her! Her husband told her it wouldn't be a race if her nose weren't bloodied or her knee scraped up. [I guess he saw the pics!] He told her to just go smash this, roll with the punches, and all that good stuff.
Sarah got to Greensburg (TS#25) at 7:06 p.m. EDT. That's 1511.1 mi down and 1558.2 mi to go!
Halfway is somewhere between Greensburg and Pratt, so Time Station #26 in Pratt is a big deal. It means the racer is over halfway. Sarah came into town and went down for a planned rest break just short of the time station. So she's there but not there!
Follow us on Twitter for overnight updates!
Sunday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Sarah's Feather Boa — RAAM Media
- Seana Hogan DNF — RAAM Media
- Solo Women Report — RAAM Media
- RAAM 2017 - Sarah Cooper From Trinidad - 6 17 17, 12.56 PM — RAAM Radio
- Tailwind Treat in Kansas Monday — RAAM Media
Monday, June 19, 9:00 a.m. CDT
"After starting out fatigued from another day of riding into the wind, the night crew was able to calm a clearly irritated rider and turn the night into a much needed spin. We picked up a tail wind and moved into 8th overall." (Crew member Daren Monroe)
Sarah took a rest break in Pratt and then checked in at the time station there (TS#26) at 11:55 p.m. EDT, Sunday, June 18th. That's 1543.2 down, 1527.1 to go at 5 days, 8 hours, and 4 minutes into the race, holding and average of 12.05 mph.
Then, outside Maize, Kansas, Sarah decided she wanted a costume again. She earned this cowgirl vest as a result of a solid hour of riding at 3:00 a.m. and keeping a steady 15 mph average. "Rocking to Big and Rich, Connie and I danced and swung our partners round and round on the side of the road here in the middle of Kansas." (Crew member Laurel Darren-Simmons)
"This race is making her crazy enough to change up her standard heavy metal playlist … she is crazy but feeling good and really cranking some miles out! Ride em Cowgirl!" (Crew member Connie Mann)
Sarah checked in at Time Station #27 in Maize at 6:04 a.m. EDT with a race average of 12.07 mph and segment average of 12.51 mph.
Three hours later she made Time Station #28 in El Dorado at 8:59 a.m. EDT (7:59 a.m. Kansas/Iowa time).
For those who are interested in cheering for Sarah as she passes close to Iowa in the next couple days, we included some tips from her in the Sarah Cooper Prepares for Race Across America article. Check out those tips… and wear your best outfit!
Monday, June 19, 8:05 p.m. CDT
Future RAAM racer Gina Fourney, who visited Sarah yesterday [see above], stopped in again a couple times today. Crew member Connie Mann said, "She helped me cook eggs for Sarah in Pratt, Kansas [overnight]. She said some days when she doesn't want to go to school that she still has to do it. Just like Sarah needs to go ride her bike!" This kid gets it!
When Sarah got to Eureka, she had a nap. She also had a cheeseburger and a chocolate milkshake. And she had a phone interview with George Thomas of RAAM Radio.
On the bike again, she progressed to Time Station #29 in Yates Center, Kansas, arriving there at 2:08 p.m.EDT.
She's been locked in a battle for eighth place (in the men's and women's combined) with Svaťa Božák. How many of you are obsessively refreshing the live tracking site and cheering at the screen?
As she approached the last Kansas time station, TS#30 in Fort Scott, it was time for another sleep break, so down she went. Official time at that station was 8:20 p.m. EDT. (There is a truism in dot-watching that as soon as you start watching head-to-head action, one rider will go down for a sleep break.)
It is 65 miles to the next time station in Weaubleau, Missouri, so look for a late night Twitter update from us.
In other news, the crew is chronicling their budget motel adventures under the hashtag #batesacrossthestates. Be sure to check it out.
Sarah brought four Specialized bikes with her. Not only can her crew quickly swap out a whole bike and keep her moving while any repairs or adjustments are made, each bike offers an advantage on different parts of the course.
The Shiv has an aggressive seating position that can offer maximum speed in flat, low-wind areas. She made good use of it in the desert early in the race, but unfortunately, Kansas has been high-wind this year.
The Venge is the best all around aero road bike of the fleet. It's her lightest bike for climbing and mixed terrain riding.
The Tarmac has a less aggressive fit and takes a wider tire. It gets used when roads get worse and to provide a fast, but slightly different seating position to help fend off fatigue.
Sarah's Crux is her favorite bike. It's provides another seating position, is nearly bombproof on the worst roads, and can put a smile on Sarah's face.
Monday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- RAAM Solo Women — RAAM Media
- RAAM 2017 - Sarah Cooper arrives in Eureka, KS — RAAM Radio
- RAAM Stop — KOAM Channel 7, Pittsburg, Kansas
Tuesday, June 20, 7:45 p.m. CDT
Today Sarah had a lot of visitors to cheer her on. And the live tracking site had a glitch that scared the heck out of large chunk of Sarah's followers when it mistakingly displayed a DNF next to her name.
Our writer made a ten-hour round trip to go stand on the roadside in places with poor cell service and yell encouragement today. So we will publish today's recap tomorrow.
Go Sarah Go!
Tuesday, June 20's Recap
Now that she's out of Kansas, she is encountering many rolling hills, some of them quite steep. This is nothing like the mountains, but if you are from the midwest, then you understand that the terrain here is flat the way the cutting edge of a saw blade is flat: up, down, up, down, up. down. Every river and stream cuts a path that must be crossed.
Around sunrise, she checked in at Time Station #32 in Camdenton: 6:36 a.m. EDT (5:36 local time). At this point she had covered 1893.32 miles in 6 days, 14 hours, and 45 minutes with an average speed of 11.93 mph. Keep in mind that each racer's average speed is less than their actual moving speed because the clock does not stop while they are resting.
Rob White, for whom Sarah crewed during RAAM 2015, was the first of many visitors for Sarah this day. He was waiting with his bike and pulled onto the road to surprise Sarah as she rode by, joining her for a short while.
There were many more hills (and traffic) through Osage Beach and Lake Ozark. This a scenic area and a popular tourist destination.
As Sarah approached the state capital of Jefferson City, friends from back home—Jennifer Borst (and son) and Stretch Wilson—greeting her along the side of the road with a giant sign, sparklers, and an alien mask (which Sarah said she was glad no one tried to surprise her with in the dark). They also chalked encouraging messages on the pavement in the city.
After passing Time Station #33 at 11:19 a.m. EDT the course took her past the capital building, where her friend Katherine Roccasecca cheered for her. Sarah insisted on stopping for a quick hug, but Katherine told her to "get moving or I'll punch you." In the growing heat of the day, Sarah confided that she's "not too fond of biking in Missouri, either."
Leaving the city, Sarah got an few miles of flat river bottom road with a tailwind. Once the road led up bluffs, Katherine and her husband positioned themselves near the top of a big climb so they could get some scenic photos and cheer her up the hill. Sarah stuck out her tongue, so we assume she appreciated it.
Riding in today's social-media-connected world and age of GPS spot trackers must be amazing for the cyclists. Their crews can easily collect many positive messages to read any time the racer needs encouragement. However, this technology can also cause the racers' followers a great deal of angst when it does not work exactly properly.
Mid-day Tuesday, many of Sarah's fans stopped breathing when the live tracking site mistakenly listed her as DNF, and they began messaging each other, "What happened?" Some of them, but not all, noticed that multiple riders were listed as DNF and figured out that it was just a glitch. Sarah was racing along the Missouri River Valley and had no idea. Eventually the glitch was fixed. And everyone began to breath again.
Tuesday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Sarah Cooper's 2017 Race Across America - Washington, MO — Over the Top Cycling
- Catching up with the Solos — RAAM Media
- Iowan Racing Across America — Lazer 103.3 KAZR-FM
- The world comes through Fort Scott — The Fort Scott Tribune
Wednesday, June 21, 8:30 p.m. CDT
This overnight recap begins about 8:00 CDT last night. Sarah's already skittish* dot-watching fans grew concerned after her dot hadn't updated for about five hours, and they began messaging one another again looking for answers. It turned out that it was simply a three-hour nap in Hermann, Missouri plus, as the crew reported to us, "Tracker issues. She's moving."
* They were skittish after the glitch yesterday that listed several racers including Sarah as DNF in error.
She moved on to Time Station #34 at Revolution Cycles in Washington, Missouri, arriving there at 10:25 p.m. EDT (9:25 p.m. local) Tuesday. She was greeted by girls with signs plus major major energy and girl power. "It was so awesome Sarah stopped to get photos and was on her way." (Crew member Laurel)
Outside of Wentzville, strangers had a hand-up for Sarah. Crew member Daren Monroe writes, "A father drove his daughter over 300 miles from Urbandale, Iowa to, in his words, show her what a strong woman looks like. Inside of this hand up, we found a huge assortment of glow-sticks and $60 cash to support her. We want to say thank you—humbled by your generosity."
Continuing to race on, Sarah arrived at the Mississippi River (TS#35) at 4:55 a.m. EDT Wednesday. Sarah and the crew celebrated with potato chips. Her friend lives nearby and made sure to get out of bed and not miss it.
After sunrise, the crew arranged a convenience store potty stop for Sarah. She wanted a second coffee, so of course she got a second coffee. The crew asked if she wanted to take off the glow necklaces, and Sarah answered, "No, because they're aero as f---"
They are keeping up on her sodium and hydration as the weather is trending warm and humid, and Sarah is chatty and enjoying the ride.
At 8:57 a.m. EDT she checked into Time Station #36 in Greenville, Illinois.
They say Race Across America doesn't begin until you cross the Mississippi River.
Wednesday, June 21, 9:20 p.m. CDT
Her family has been traveling and meeting her at many of the time stations. They were there in Effingham (TS#37) when Sarah checked in at 1:27 p.m. EDT
The town of Robinson made a good place for Sarah to take a 90-minute nap in the afternoon. The crew did some bike maintenance. And the day crew and the night crew used it as a time to trade off: "It's raining, but she is in very good hands," said crew member Jill Marks.
By 8:15 p.m. EDT Sarah put Illinois behind her and entered Indiana.
The first Indiana time station (#38) was in Sullivan. She arrived there at 9:04 p.m. EDT, 8d 5h 13m into the race. She has 2267.8 miles behind her and 801.5 to go.
Sarah has said she is looking forward to the hilly terrain to come. We know Sarah's love of hills. We believe her.
Wednesday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- Morning Report: The Top 10 on the Road — RAAM Media
- Sarah Cooper's 2017 RAAM - From the Saddle in Illinois — Over the Top Cycling
- Here Be (Imagine) Dragons — RAAM Media
- Sarah Cooper's 2017 RAAM - A Day in Illinois — Over the Top Cycling
Thursday, June 22, 7:55 a.m. CDT
By the time Sarah reached Sullivan, Indiana last evening, she had biked more miles than any of the three great European Grand Tours (e.g., Le Tour de France) and it took her only a little over eight days to do it.
From rural Indiana, she biked to Bloomington (TS#39), arriving there at the relatively low traffic time of 3:33 a.m. EDT. In the morning twilight, she got to see the beautiful hills of Brown County State Park.
When Sarah and crew were forced to stop for a train on the edge of Columbus, it was the perfect opportunity to get a 10-minute neck and shoulder massage and then a 10–15 minute rest in the van until the train and traffic cleared out.
From there she is on a trend to gain elevation all the way to the next time station in Greenburg (TS#40). Look for our update on Twitter and in the evening recap.
There is something we are seeing in Sarah here that we've seen from her before in tough races: fight. "I know you will take whatever the race gives you and make the best result possible out of that" is what her friend Katherine says to her before each of her tough races.
What has this race given her? Crew member Daren Monroe posted last night: "Aggressive wildlife, extreme heat, cold desert nights, altitude sickness, lung infections, idiot drivers, viscous dogs, debilitating muscle cramps and fighting off Shermer's Neck...these are the things that Sarah Cooper has to deal with, in addition to riding her bike across the country. We are currently riding through Indiana and a possible zombie apocalypse while listening to Primus."
He went on to share this: "This is not the race that was envisioned. As bad as it is, as much suffering as has happened, she continues to fight hard for this race. There is nowhere else she would rather be, than to be surrounded by her family on the road ahead, as well as the 10 crew members who continue to fight, as well. If not for the support of those people, this race would have ended in Kansas. She is committed to the final leg. Please continue to pray for everyone's safety and strength - we feel every bit of that support from near and far. Ride on - #581relentless."
Thursday, June 22 12:00 noon CDT
Number of solo racers to start Race Across America nine days ago: 39
Number still in the race today: 20
Sarah Cooper leads the women's race and is 8th overall.
The Three Great European Grand Tours
Tour de France… Giro d'Italia… Vuelta a España… The world's most prestigious races, famous among even those who do not follow pro cycling.
What if we told you those races are short? And slow?
Well, that's probably overstating it. But the limited number of miles per day and the fact the clock doesn't run continuously do make it it easier on the athletes' bodies. Just take a look at these 2017 numbers:
Tour de France
2200 miles (3540 km) in 23 days
2 rest days
2247 miles (3615.4 km) in 24 days
3 rest days
Vuelta a España
2049 miles (3,297.7 km) in 23 days
2 rest days
Race Across America
3069 miles in 8–12 days
0 rest days
Thursday, June 22, 7:35 p.m. CDT
Daren's post from last night (see this morning's recap) was circulated among Sarah's fans causing an outpouring of supportive messages. The crew says that Sarah has been getting the energy and they are reading the messages to her. "They help. We see it in her posture. Her neck is good. Tired but good. Her coach called in and said her times are better today than yesterday. Can't help but think all the positive words of encouragement are helping." (Crew member Jill Marks)
Sarah arrived at Time Station #40 in Greensburg, Indiana at 9:31 a.m. EDT. This town has an interesting claim to fame: It has had a tree growing out of the courthouse clock tower since the 1870s. Sarah really liked the route from Oldenburg to Brookville: rural roads, stone bridges, and signs in German and English. RAAM Media caught up with her and got fantastic drone footage.
Sarah loves chocolate, so crew member Laurel Darren-Simmons instigated a get goofy with a Hershey's bar and post a pic thing. Friends and followers all over and the crew themselves are having fun with it. Check out her Facebook post for more information. #581relentless #fueledbychocolate
Around 1:45 p.m. EDT Sarah left Indiana and entered Ohio. She checked in to the Oxford time station (TS#41) at 2:02 p.m. EDT. In the early evening, she began a sleep break in Lebanon. It'll be awhile before she's up and completes the last 20 miles to the next time station in Blanchester, Ohio. Look for a late night tweet from us.
If it sounds like RAAM is both grueling and fun, it may be that it is. We invite you to check out "The Sarah Cooper RAAM Fun Facts List - Day 9 Edition" created by Sarah Cooper and crew member Steve Fuller.
Thursday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
Friday, June 23, 6:50 a.m. CDT
Between Lebanon and Chillicothe Sarah had one of the most consistently fun and positive nights that we've had on RAAM. She was singing in the rain and really had a good ride. She had to battle through some rain and deal with a few changes during the night to get her out of wet clothes, but—as this Iowa girl would—she prevailed in the weather.
Sarah arrived at Time Station #42 in Blanchester, Ohio at 11:12 p.m. EDT. She was met there by Penny Barker (#579) who gave her some encouragement. Penny was also a RAAM rookie this year, but had to withdraw due to neck problems. Here Sarah put on full rain kit and looked like she was dressed for Trans Iowa.
About 17 miles outside Blanchester around 1:00 in the morning, 2013 RAAM solo finisher Cassie Schumacher delivered pizza for the crew and a gluten-free pizza for Sarah. Sarah had four pieces (eating like it's Trans Iowa). Cassie drove 200 miles to ride in the pouring rain with Sarah for a few minutes, motivating Sarah to keep going. Crew member Laurel said, "It was pretty awesome to see a finisher and a soon-to-be finisher riding side-by-side. Really made my heart smile."
Matthew Taylor from Columbus, Ohio drove to Chillicothe and then rode out to meet Sarah and brighten her night even more. And he brought her chocolate!
Sarah arrived at Time Station #43 in Chillicothe, Ohio at 5:07 a.m. EDT. Crew member Jill Marks said, "Great start to our morning! The night crew handed Sarah off to us in fantastic spirits!"
Sarah is now on her way to Athens.
Friday, June 23, 9:05 p.m. CDT
Near Allensville, Sarah was hungry. "Feed me, b-----s!" she said. In rapid succession she had a hard boiled egg, string cheese, and a chocolate bar. (Sarah has a mouth, but it is 100% in good fun. One has to admit, there is something a little ridiculous about riding a bike 3000 miles while relying on people to hand you food out a car window.)
After a 20 minute nap in Prattsville, it was raining steadily. The crew played "Singing In The Rain" over the loudspeakers instead of Sarah's usual playlist and they all had a good sing-a-long.
As Sarah approached Athens, Penny Barker (#579) was standing on the side of the road to cheer for Sarah as she went by. Official time at Time Station #44 was 10:50 a.m. EDT. There are 453.97 more miles to go from this point.
Around 1:00 p.m. EDT she got to cross another state off the list when she crossed the Ohio River into West Virginia. She took a sleep break on the outskirts of Parkersburg while the crew modified the gearing on Sarah's Crux to get ready for the steep Appalachian climbs that are coming up.
The RAAM route book says that once "past Parkersburg the most difficult climbing in RAAM begins. The altitude doesn't approach that of the Rocky Mountains but the climbs are relentless." Do the climbs know that Sarah is #581Relentless?
She headed back out on the road, into the hills, and back into the rain, around 4:30 p.m. EDT.
Sarah went through the West Union, West Virginia time station (TS#45) at 8:16 p.m. EDT. That's 10d 4h 25m at 11.05 mph. She has 2701.9 mi down and 368.38 miles to go.
Follow us on Twitter overnight for updates,
Inside the Follow Vehicle
What does it take to keep a rider going for 3000+ miles? A lot of organization! Checkout these photos from inside Sarah's follow van. (click to enlarge) Can you find the all-important Spotted Horse stuffed animal?
Saturday, June 24, 9:45 a.m. CDT
She encountered a lot of strong weather on the way to the Grafton time station (TS#46). She arrived there at 1:15 am EDT and took a nap while the crew worked to dry out her gear.
She crossed the Cheat River at about 6:00 a.m. EDT.
Around 7:30 a.m. EDT she made it out of West Virginia and into Maryland. (The route continues through Maryland for a few segments. Then it will cross into Pennsylvania, back to Maryland, and back to Pennsylvania before returning to Maryland and heading toward the finish in Annapolis.)
This area of western Maryland has a treacherous two lane road with long steep climbs and some precipitous drops, but Sarah made it safely to McHenry (TS#47) along Deep Creek Lake at 9:05 a.m. EDT.
From McHenry, the texture of the terrain smooths out slightly and temporarily as the course continues eastward. There 266.1 miles left and 2804.18 miles completed.
UPDATE (11:00 a.m. CDT): Night crew member Daren Monroe just sent this additional information: "Sarah pedaled through a large amount of elevation gain last night. We estimate that it rained for at least 7 hours, it was a challenge to keep her dry and warm. This section boasts 11,000 feet of climbing and she was fighting a nasty headwind, of course. A tornado touched down and we got Sarah down for a 30 minute nap while we waited. After resuming, reports of downed tree branches and debris were followed by a 5 mile shuttle forward to avoid the worst hit area. She made it up some significant climbs and had some nervous descents in thick fog and slick roads. We had to assure Sarah that she is not being punished with this weather. If weather were a reward for being a good person, we would have had sunny skies and 30 mph tail winds the whole way. She continues to fight and we are keeping an eye on the 2nd place woman."
When Will She Finish?
The estimate of Sarah's finish time (and of all the riders still in the race) keeps changing. The best thing one can do is to keep checking it. Here's how:
- Go to the official RAAM Leaderboard.
- Find the "Race Coverage Navigation" section near the top of the page. Choose the racer's name from the "Arrival Predictions - Rider/Team" menu. (Sarah Cooper is #581.)
- The table under her photo has a predicted time for all the remaining time stations on the route, including #55 Finish. Keep in mind that these times are Eastern Daylight Time.
There is a maximum amount of time a racer has to be an official finisher. This varies by division.
- Solo Men 18–59: 12 days
- Solo Men 60+: 12 days 21 hours
- Solo Women: 12 days 21 hours
Sarah started at "06/13/2017 15:51" or Tuesday, June 13th at 3:51 p.m. EDT. She has until Monday, June 26th at 12:51 p.m. EDT to finish.
Saturday, June 24, 3:50 p.m. CDT
From McHenry to Cumberland, she really kept up the pace and maintained her average miles per hour. (Sarah had been slowing over previous segments, as riders typically do so far into the race.)
Sarah checked in at Time Station #48 in Cumberland at 1:36 p.m. EDT. Her average for the 2853.15 miles of the race so far was 10.9 mph, same as it was when she reached the last time station.
The segment from Cumberland to Hancock, Maryland is the the most difficult section of RAAM, as measured in feet of climbing per mile, with four major climbs: The Four Sisters.
Shortly after leaving town, the elevation was 694 feet. After a couple miles the grade increased, and about seven miles out she reached the top of Rocky Gap at 1715 feet.
Twelve miles out of Cumberland, she crossed Cross Town Creek. Fueled by "a fire in her belly and some chicken rice soup and potatoes, and yeah… some chocolate" she made the 1.2-mile 8% climb from 767 feet to 1392 feet, to the top of Polish Mountain. She made it there at 3:05 p.m. EDT. She changed shoes; slammed some more potato soup, blueberries, and oranges; and hugged her friend, photographer Eddie Rayford.
Five and a half miles later, she crossed Fifteen Mile Creek. For four miles she encountered 7 and 8% grades and climbed from 721 feet to 1640 feet. She reached the summit by the Town Hill Bed & Breakfast before 4:00 p.m. EDT.
On the descent, she got to see her coach, Greg Grandgeorge, again. About five miles after the Town Hill crest, she crossed Sidelong Hill Creek and began another 8% climb, rising from 621 feet to 1585 feet over 2.5 miles. By 4:45 p.m. she had conquered all Four Sisters.
Now, she has "just" eight more miles of mostly descent with several short climbs as she heads into the town of Hancock, Maryland.
Saturday, June 24, 9:55 p.m. CDT
Shortly after leaving Hancock, she crossed the state line into Pennsylvania. The original route would have had her cross back into Maryland and back into Pennsylvania before returning to Maryland for good. However, a detour (visible on the live tracking site in orange) turned her farther north and skipped the popping back and forth.
The first of the two Pennsylvania time stations was in Rouzerville (TS#50). She arrived there at 10:46 p.m. EDT. She has ridden 2938.75 miles in 11d 6h 55m with a 10.85 mph average. She has just 131.53 miles to go to reach the finish.
Check our "When Will She Finish" mini-article under the June 24th, 9:45 a.m. recap for instructions on how to predict Sarah's finish time. And keep following us on Twitter for frequent updates overnight. (You do not need a Twitter account.)
Saturday's Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
- RAAM 2017 Sarah Cooper in West Virginia — Over the Top Cycling
- From Coast to Coast - RAAM 2017 — RAAM Media
- Road Report from Sarah Cooper's RAAM Crew — JustGoBike Podcast
- Sarah Cooper at Sunset — RAAM Media
Sunday, June 25, 5:50 a.m. CDT
After leaving Rouzerville at 10:46 p.m. EDT, Sarah encountered that last two serious sustained climbs of the race. At about 19 miles in (around 1:00 a.m. EDT), the course passed through Gettysburg National Historical Park. And at 3:11 a.m. EDT she checked in at Time Station #51 in Hanover, Pennsylvania. Penny Barker (#579) came out overnight, appearing multiple places on the course to stand and cheer with glow sticks.
Fewer than four miles after the time station, Sarah entered Maryland. She had a spill crossing railroad tracks in Westminster, but she is fine—just some scrapes and bruises. At this point, it seems she's indestructible.
She made it to Mount Airy. Then, right before Time Station #52, she pulled into a Starbucks for a quick rest room break, a warm mocha, and a bite or two of chicken rice soup with potatoes. She checked in at the time station at 6:31 a.m. EDT. That makes 3015.65 miles completed, leaving just 54.63 miles to go. Alexandra Meixner (#568), who had really been picking up speed late in the race, has over 131.53 miles to go
Time stations 53, 54, and 55 all remain. The Odenton station (TS#53) is normal. Time Station #54 is the timing line. And Time Station #55 is the finish line.
Racing ends at the timing line at Ram’s Head Roadhouse (TS#54) in Annapolis. A fixed 26 minutes is added to each solo racer's time at this line to determine their official race time. After reaching this line, racers soft pedal to a location where they can freshen up before being escorted to the official finish line on the dock (TS#55).
When Sarah gets close, watch the Race Across America Facebook page for a live stream of her finish. They are creating a new Facebook Live post for each finisher who approaches.
How Many Iowans Have Completed RAAM?
There are five—soon six!— Iowans to successfully finish RAAM.
Dr. Bob Breedlove (#88) from Des Moines was the first Iowan to finish in 1988. He completed it solo again in 1989 and 1994. He raced tandem with Roger Charleville in 1990, and with Lon Haldeman in 1992. In fact, he and Lon Haldeman hold the men's tandem record: 2911 miles in 8d 8h 8m with an average of 14.55 mph. It was during Dr. Breedlove's solo race in 2005 that he was killed. (For more information on Dr. Breedlove, Randonneurs USA has a nice tribute.)
Paul Black (#154) from Ames completed RAAM in 1992. Paul says that, "Reaching the state lines was a big point in RAAM. ... It helped to focus on shorter goals; state lines, checkpoints, etc." Sarah valued Paul's experience when he crewed for her at Heart of the South 500 (2015) and The Texas Time Trials (2015 & 2016).
In 1993, Scott Sturtz (#158) from Humbolt finished RAAM at age 27.
Tom Buckley (#196) of Keokuk finished RAAM three times: in 1996, 1998, and 2000. Paul Black was on his crew in 2000
Randy Van Zee (#283) of Sheldon completed RAAM in 2004.
Sunday, June 25, 10:45 a.m. CDT — Finish!
Sarah Cooper has finished RAAM with a time of 11d 18h 56m. First woman and tenth solo overall. Congratulations, Sarah!!
UPDATE: This table shows the final times of all the solo finishers. Out of the 39 who started, 17 finished. That's less than 50%. Official results are on the Race Across America website.
UPDATE: In addition to winning, Sarah was presented with the following awards at the Sunday banquet:
- Female Rookie of the Year: Fastest 1st Year Female Racer
- Queen of the Mountains: Solo Female Racer with Lowest Cumulative Time over Three Time Stations (TS7, TS17 and TS 49)
- Seana Hogan Award: Fastest Solo Female
Sunday's During Race Coverage of Sarah/RAAM
For coverage of Sarah during the race, check the lists of links at the end of each day's recaps above. For coverage of Sarah prior to RAAM, see the article Sarah Cooper Prepares for Race Across America.
- Bicyclist Sarah Cooper conquers the Race Across America — Des Moines Register, June 25, 2017
- Congratulations, Sarah Cooper, on your RAAM win! — Velorosa Cycling, June 25, 2017
- RAAM 2017: Finish Line Interview with Sarah Cooper — Over the Top Cycling, June 25, 2017
- Iowa woman achieves incredible feat in Race Across America — KCCI-TV, June 25, 2017
- Sarah Cooper - Finish and post ride interview (uncut) — RAAM Media, June 25, 2017
- Driven Urbandale mother finishes first in grueling cross country bike ride — Des Moines Register, June 25, 2017
- Urbandale Woman is First Iowa Woman to Finish the Race Across America — WHO-TV, June 26, 2017
- Sarah Cooper Tops Women Solos — RAAM Media, June 26, 2017
- Sunday Banquet — RAAM Facebook Page, June 26, 2017
- Bicyclist Sarah Cooper Talks ‘Race Across America’ Experience — WHO-TV, June 27, 2017
- The World's Strangest Places To Cycle | The GCN Show Ep. 233 — Global Cycling Network, June 27, 2017 (RAAM coverage begins around 6:03 mark)
- Iowan Who Biked Across America — Lazer 103.3 KAZR-FM, June 28, 2017
- Episode 23: Science Fiction and Bicycles — JustGoBike Podcast, June 28, 2017 (short shoutout at the 1:20 mark)
- RAAM 2017 — Sarah Cooper's Blog, June 30, 2017
- Episode 26: From RAAM Back to Real Life With Sarah Cooper and Crew — JustGoBike Podcast, July 18, 2017 (coverage begins at the 3:50 mark)
Please let us know if you notice we have missed any coverage that should be included.
"Glass Elevator View" by Sarah Cooper
"Sarah Starts Her Tuesday Training Ride" by Kathy Fuller
"Inspection Time" by Laurel Darren-Simmons
"And She's Off" by Connie Mann
"Smooth Sailing Just Past Beautiful Lake Henshaw" by Jill Marks
"It Got a Little Hazy for Awhile" by Alex Hernandez
"Yarnell Grade" by Jill Marks
"Mingus Mountain" by Jill Marks
"#RAAMfamily" by Steve Fuller
"A little bit of the cool stuff" by Jill Marks
"Leaving Durango with a Smile" by Steve Fuller
"Top of Wolf Creek Pass" by Jill Marks
"Top of Cucharas Pass" by Steve Fuller
"Southern Colorado between Trinidad and Kim" by Steve Fuller
"White Boa and Glasses" by Laurel Darren-Simmons
"Montezuma Conference" by Jill Marks
"Rawhide!" by Daren Monroe
"Gina's RAAM Ride" by Steve Fuller
"Climbing Strong" by Eric Roccasecca
"Girls Greet Sarah at TS#34" by Lesley Wardwell-Washington
"Practicing Safe Banana Hand Ups" by Jill Marks
"Train Stop Massage" by Steve Fuller
"Get Goofy with Hershey's Bars" by Jill Marks
"Riding in the Rain" by Laurel Darren-Simmons
"Cheese Stick" by Connie Mann
"Crossing Cheat River" by Jill Marks
"Climbing Sister #2" by Jill Marks
"Welcome to Pennsylvania" by Connie Mann
"Coop-Spotting in Gettysburg" by Penny Barker